Excavation – Everything There is to Know

Previously on the BC Land Development blog we’ve talked about the types of excavation there are as well as the types of land clearing (also known as excavation) equipment available. This time we wanted to dive a bit deeper into that – what it is, how it’s used for building homes and what you may need to consider before digging. Basically? Everything you might be wondering about excavation.

Let’s go.

First up, what is excavation?

What is Excavation

Excavation is the process of removing dirt, rock, or other materials from a site to create a hole or depression. It is often done as part of construction or mining projects, but it can also be done for other purposes, such as to create foundations, install utilities, or explore underground features. Yes, excavation can also take the shape of land clearing, as we’ve covered before. The big thing is land clearing handles the topsoil, whereas larger excavations will go deeper.

Excavation typically involves using heavy machinery, such as bulldozers, backhoes, and excavators, to remove and transport the soil or rock from the site. Depending on the size and complexity of the project, other equipment, such as trucks, loaders, and graders, may also be used.

Excavation Steps for Building Residences


All good jobs should start with a bit of planning. A stitch in time saves nine and all that right? Before excavation can begin in earnest a plan needs to be made and data gathered. The site is surveyed to understand the location and layout of the foundations, the placement of utilities, and any other features they need to note. 

Clearing and Grading

Once the plan is in place it’s time to clear and grade the land. Clearing gets rid of any existing vegetation, debris, and other obstructions. Then grading may be done to level the site, creating a suitable foundation for the home.


After that, excavation proper can begin. This involves digging out the area where the foundation (and basement if necessary) wll be. The depth will depend entirely on the design and size of the home, site conditions, and local building codes.


Utility lines and pipes may need to be installed or relocated as part of the excavation process. This can include water, sewer, electrical, and gas lines. If this is needed this right here is when to do it, while we’re already down in the dirt.

Backfill and Compacting 

After the foundation and utilities are installed, the site is then filled with soil – this is known as backfill. It is all then compacted to create a sturdy foundation.

Our Excavation Services

BC Land Development uncovers the potential in any landscape by performing all of the following: 

  • Tree & rock removal
  • Soil relocation
  • Wash relocation
  • Vegetation & foliage removal 
  • Site preparation 
  • Driveways, roadways, access road planning
  • Trenching

Excavation for residential development can be a complex and time-consuming process, and it is important to work with experienced professionals to ensure that the job is done safely and efficiently!  Work with BC Land Development today! Give us a call and let’s start planning your project!

Break Ground With Us!

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